Healtcare Information

Hypertension

What Is HYPERTENSION?

  • Hypertension is an elevation of blood pressure above age related standards
  • Normal blood pressure is a reflection of cardiac output. (heart rate and stroke volume and peripheral resistance)
  • Is a disease of middle adulthood
  • Sodium regulation may be one of the major contributing causes of primary hypertension
  • The kidneys excrete sodium and water to return blood pressure to normal
  • Increased sodium retention causes water retention and hypertension Example of blood pressure reading is 120/70 mmHg

Signs and Symptoms of Hypertension:

  • Headache
  • Nose bleeding
  • Blurred vision
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
    (Remember: Many do not have any of the above symptoms)

Lifestyle modification for Hypertension control :

  • Stop smoking
  • Lose weight if over weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Reduce alcohol intake

Diet modification for Hypertension control :

  • Fat
    Fat is the most concentrated source of energy (calories). Eating too much fat is linked with a higher risk of heart disease and hypertension. There are two broad categories of fat found in foods:
    • Saturated fat found in animal products and in some vegetable fat. Taken in excess, it is associated with raised blood cholesterol and increased risk of heart disease
    • Unsaturated fat is found in olive and palm oil

  • Salt
    Sodium in salt plays an important role in controlling the fluid balance in our bodies. It is also needed to ensure that our muscle and nerves work properly and to help us maintain normal blood pressure (too much salt is no good).

    Most people need less than half a teaspoon per day. Salt can be found in: table salt, MSG (Ajinomoto), soya sauces and other sauces, canned foods, packed soup, belacan, preserved fruits and vegetable, salted vegetables, salted egg and salted crisps.

Reproduced with kind permission from Ministry Of Health
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